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What is EV Charging and How Does it Work?

HomeLifestyleHealthWhat is EV Charging and How Does it Work?

According to research, more individuals will soon purchase electric vehicles (EVs) than conventional gasoline-powered vehicles.

What is the primary distinction between EVs and traditional ICE vehicles? EVs emit no emissions, but ICE vehicles emit carbon dioxide as soon as they are started.

Because they don’t use gasoline or diesel, EVs are clean. EVs require charging as opposed to refueling.

What is EV Charging?

EVs require charging in order to have enough power to function, just like a cell phone. EV charging is the process of supplying power to the vehicle’s battery using EV charging equipment. To charge an EV, a charging station connects to the power grid. Electric vehicle supply equipment is what EV station is known as technically (EVSE).

EV owners have the option of charging at home, in public, or at their place of employment.

Residential EV charging refers to charging at home with a Level 2 charger (read more about EV charging levels down below).

Commercial electric car charging applies to EV fleet, multi-family units, and workplace charging stations. Commercial electric vehicle charging stations can be used by employees and customers. Many commercial EV charging stations are open to the public as well.

How does EV charging work?

Through a connector or socket, an EV charger transfers electric current from the grid to the electric vehicle. To power its electric motor, an electric vehicle stores this electricity in a sizable battery pack.

The connector of an EV charger is connected to an electric vehicle’s inlet, which is analogous to a conventional vehicle’s gas tank, using a charging cable.

DC electricity is the only type that EV batteries can receive.

What are the different levels of electric vehicle charging?

The 120 volt standard wall outlet is Level 1. It is the slowest charge level and takes several hours to fully charge a plug-in hybrid vehicle and tens of hours to fully charge a 100% electric vehicle.

The common EV plug found in garages and homes is level 2. The majority of public chargers are level 2. Level 2 chargers also have RV plugs (14–50).

Also referred to as DCFC or DC Fast Chargers, level 3 chargers are available at some public charging stations. The quickest way to charge a car is at one of these charging stations. Keep in mind that not all EVs can use level 3 chargers.

How long does it take to charge an EV?

Electric vehicles (EVs) can be charged at a rate of 2 to 5 miles per hour using level 1 chargers.

An EV can be charged up to 15 times more quickly at Level 2 EV charging stations than at Level 1 charging stations. They have a charging range of 13 to 75 mph.

Electric vehicle level 2 chargers are effective and simple to use. For residential charging, a level 2 charging station is the ideal option.

In 10 to 30 minutes, DC Level 3 EV chargers can recharge 80% of an EV’s battery. Of course, this is the fastest charging method currently on the market. Not all EVs are compatible with DC fast chargers.

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