Chronic kidney failure, another name for chronic kidney disease, is characterized by a progressive loss of kidney function. The wastes and extra fluids in your blood are filtered by the kidneys, and as a result, urine is excreted. Increased fluid levels, electrolytes, and waste products in the body can be a sign of advanced chronic kidney disease.
Several kidney diseases affect millions of people, and the majority of them are unknown to them. Thus kidney disease is referred to as a “Silent Killer,” and mainly, people do not rectify it until the disease has progressed. People regularly have their blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels checked, but they neglect to do creatinine tests which are performed on their blood to check for hidden kidney issues.
What are the Functions of the Kidney?
The kidneys play a crucial role in controlling the body’s salt, potassium, and acid levels. The kidneys work as potent chemical factories and carry out the following tasks.
- The removal of waste from the body
- Take drugs out of your body
- The fluid balance of the body
- Hormones that control blood pressure are released
- Create vitamin D that is active and supports strong, healthy bones
- Regulating red blood cell production
Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Failure
If kidney damage progresses gradually, signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease appear over time. A buildup of fluid, a buildup of body waste, or electrolyte issues can occur by kidney failure. Loss of kidney function can lead to any of the following depending on its severity:
- Appetite loss
- Weakness and exhaustion
- Sleep issues
- More or less frequent urination
- Reduced mental clarity
- Tense muscles
- Ankle and foot swelling
- Dry skin that itches
- Hypertension, or difficult-to-control high blood pressure
- If fluid accumulates in the lungs, it can result in breathlessness.
- If fluid accumulates around the heart’s lining, it may cause chest pain.
Also, the following illnesses and conditions can lead to chronic kidney disease:
- Diabetes type 1 or type 2
- High blood pressure
- Inflammation of the kidney’s filtering organs is known as glomerulonephritis.
- Inflammation of the kidney’s tubules and surrounding structures is known as interstitial nephritis.
- Supplementary inherited kidney diseases, such as polycystic kidney disease
- Persistent obstruction of the urinary tract caused by diseases like enlarged prostate, kidney stones, or some cancers
- The condition is known as vesicoureteral reflux, which causes urine to back up into the kidneys
- Pyelonephritis, another name for recurrent kidney infection
If you experience kidney disease symptoms or signs, schedule an appointment with the best urologist in Mumbai. If kidney disease is caught early enough, kidney failure might be avoided. There are several early symptoms of kidney disease, but they are frequently ignored.
As a result, one must be vigilant and should undergo confirmatory tests, including blood, urine, and imaging, as the first indication of a kidney disorder. To have any questions answered, you should speak with the doctor. Several hospitals provide special treatments for kidney disorders, and Nanavati Max Hospital is known for providing the best urologist in Mumbai.
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