Delegates from the Amazon began their campaign at a nine-day conference in Marseille, where thousands of officials, scientists and campaigners laid the foundation for UN talks on biodiversity in the city of Kunming. china next year

“We call on the world community to reverse the destruction of our home and secure the future,” said COICA chief coordinator Jose Gregorio Dias Mirabal, representing tribal groups in nine Amazon-basin countries. .

According to research published last year, less than 50% of the Amazon basin is currently under some form of official security or home inspection. But agriculture, mining and oil exploration are under increasing pressure. In prime, 60% of organic land has been harvested since President Jair Bolsonaro took office in 2019, reaching a 12-year high last year and attracting international opposition.

Overall, 18% of the Amazon basin has lost its original wildlife and 17% has been damaged, according to a landmark study released in July by the Amazon Scientific Group based on research from 200 scientists.

Brazilian soil scientist Carlos Nobre says that if deforestation reaches 20%-25%, it will plunge the Amazon into a death spiral and turn it into a dry savanna. The meeting with Marseille is the latest “world security conference” organized every four years by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, a forum that brings together governments, civil society and researchers.

COICA must ratify the “Amazonia 80×2025” declaration, which gives governments a great opportunity to gain strength in Kunming, where governments will discuss biodiversity conservation goals over the next decade.