Vitiligo is a skin disorder in which melanocytes, the cells responsible for the colour of your skin, get destroyed. As a result, skin loses its colour and starts to appear white around the legs, arms, face, or other parts of the body. It goes to a level that the body hair at that particular body part also turns white. It is more prominent in people with darker skin colour as the colour difference is more evident. These white patches grow with time and spread all over the body.
An ideal way is to look for the best dermatologist in Delhi, take the doctor’s appointment and start the treatment. However, before this, you need to gather all the information about the reasons for this skin disorder and its possible treatment.
What is Vitiligo?
Vitiligo, also called leucoderma, is a skin condition that causes white patches on the skin. It gives a white or dull pink-coloured appearance, causing even the body hair in that part to turn white. It can start around the mouth, hands, arms, or legs and spread out to the other body parts. There is no set age when people can get this condition. However, most children and youngsters in their early 20s are more likely to suffer from it.
Causes of Vitiligo
Recent researches show that it happens when the immune system of your body kills the skin cells. These cells are responsible for giving the skin its colour, and when these cells die, skin discolouration happens. Common causes of this skin condition are:
Heredity or family history
It is not necessary that the condition runs in the family, generation after generation. However, families with a history of this disorder have 30% higher chances of getting it.
People with other auto-immune disorders like psoriasis are more prone to getting these patches. Genes associated with type 1 diabetes or thyroid have a connection with vitiligo. Researchers show that 40% of people getting this condition are suffering from another auto-immune disease.
Sunburn, skin injuries, and exposure to some harmful chemicals can act as a trigger. Moreover, it also elevates the severity, making things worst.
Signs and Symptoms
Now that you know about the skin condition in detail, it is time you look for the best dermatologist in Delhi. If you see any of the following signs and symptoms, visit a dermatologist immediately.
- If you see a small patch of discoloured skin fading with time and tuning white, it can be vitiligo.
- Some people also complain of an itching sensation around the white patches. Therefore, it is also considered as one of the symptoms.
- Sometimes, these patches spread rapidly. While in some cases, it takes time.
There are not many signs of detecting this condition. However, a discoloured patch anywhere on your body is enough for you to take a doctor’s appointment immediately.
Diagnosis of Vitiligo
The first thing is not to panic when you observe any sign of this skin disorder. The next step is to seek medical help. Look for the best skin doctor in Delhi and start your treatment. The doctor at first will try and identify the cause of this condition by:
- Reviewing your family history
- Ask about any stressful events that might have occurred in your life
- Taking note of any chemical exposure you had.
When you visit your doctor, keep a list of questions ready. Ask whatever you have in mind and ensure that you get all the answers, sorting your concerns. Then, the doctor will use a wood lamp to analyze your patches, and after careful observation, he will announce if you have vitiligo or not.
How the best dermatologist in Delhi can help
Even though there is no cure for vitiligo, researchers are going on to find one. First, the patient has to learn to live with the disorder, which involves little care. Then, your doctor will suggest lotions and creams to protect your skin from further damage. In case your vitiligo is not spreading, you can also go for skin grafting.
Whatever the situation is, your doctor will help guide you through the entire process. Make sure you take the doctor’s appointment on time and from a trusted app so that you get timely treatment and your privacy gets preserved.